Eagles Have Flown
The tribe of the Damnonii, never fully conquered by Rome, seem to have created a definite kingdom in the region of Scotland now known as Strathclyde. The kingdom quickly became known by the Brythonic name of its capital at Dumbarton: Alt Clut (‘Rock of the Clyde’). Centered on the Clyde headwaters and its capital of Dumbarton, or Alcluith (an older version of the name), the kingdom seems to have stretched a little north of the Antonine line, in the direction of Stirling to the ridge of the Campsie Fells and, taking in the later county of Dunbarton, up to the head of Loch Long. It was bordered to the north by Pictland, to the north-east and east by the Guotodin, and to the south by Caer Guendoleu, and Galwyddel.
Essentially re-established in AD 382 by Magnus Maximus, it may in fact have been much older. The original Roman conquest did not include Alt Clut’s British Damnonii territory, although there were periods when it later fell under Roman administration. For the most part, however, it seems to have remained an independent kingdom. Certainly it was one of the few British kingdoms never to be conquered by the English or Normans, and was eventually taken over by the Scottish crown. Its southern region of Cumbria was gained after the fall of North Rheged and a period of possession by Bernicia, and simply bore the name of its ‘people of the same land’, the Cymri, which is the same source of the name for Cymru (Wales).
Many kings are poorly attested and are often known by the Welsh or Irish versions of their names. Where both Strathclyde British, and later Welsh forms are known, the latter is always shown last. Edward Dawson suggests the theory that the Attacotti of 364 could be the Alt Clut Britons.
(Additional information by Edward Dawson, and from The Landscape of King Arthur, Geoffrey Ashe.)
c.410 – c.450
Coroticus / Ceretic Guletic (Land Holder)
Son. First king of Alt Clut. A Christian king. Also ruled Guotodin?
The name Coroticus is probably a more accurate Northern British version of the later Welsh Ceretic. It means ‘beloved of’ or ‘dear to’ (‘cara’) and the god, Dag (‘dagda’, or Dag the Good). Coroticus is almost certainly the British warrior addressed in a letter by St Patrick, which bemoans the capture and enslavement of newly-Christianised Scotti. Patrick blames Coroticus for this and excommunicates his warband as ‘associates of the Scots and Apostate Picts; desirous of glutting themselves with the blood of innocent Christians’. The apostate Picts are those converted to Christianity by St Ninian who have subsequently reverted to paganism.